Comparison of COI Framework and Five-Stage Model

The COI framework is theoretical, whereas the Five Stage Model is practical. The COI framework provides structured guidance on how to learn and teach through a collaborative process, whereas the five-stage model has activities listed under each of its stages that will guide students to gain hands-on experience by engaging in the process. Furthermore, while the five-stage model enhances connection through tasks, the COI framework focuses on personal perspectives and knowledge. Under the COI framework, the cognition presence focuses on critical thinking, the social presence focuses on communication, and the teaching presence focuses on facilitation. Regardless of the focus, all three sections provide us with techniques to make collaborative decisions, learn from one another, share different perspectives, and develop new ideas. The five-stage model provides more in-depth activities, and depending on the stage in the teaching process, students will get to participate in a handful of activities that promote their ability to learn while connecting virtually.


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